There was a time when drug testing was limited to illicit drugs such as marijuana, cocaine and heroin, but with drugs evolving into new forms, the list is ever growing; it now includes prescription drugs, cocktails and date rape drugs. Hence it is nearly impossible to give a definitive answer on the length of drugs being in the system and has become a serious issue for law enforcement, employers, employees, and defendants in court proceedings.
Many variables determine the window of time that a drug remains detectable in the system and in samples of urine, hair or blood taken from the body. One factor that determines the length of stay of drugs in the system includes a drug’s half-life, the drug user’s. Other factors that determine the window frame of being in the system could be:
|Fluid balance in the body||Physical activity||Height and weight|
|Frequency of use||Drug tolerance level||Body hydration|
|Method of use||Body mass||High amount of fatty tissue|
One can give a guidelines that can be used as a barometer of detection but nothing can really be set in stone. Drug Tests in Bulk has a good summary of each drug and their characteristics and detection times.
Prescription drug use has been on the rise as the abuser looking for new medications to get high on, can easily research them via the internet and social media. This in turn, leads to increased knowledge on how much and when to take prescription medications to avoid it being in the system for long.
Studies show that improved attendance, productivity, decreased turnover and workers’ compensation claims help the employer; However, the benefits of employee drug testing are not limited to the employer alone; in fact, the employee and societal benefits far outweigh what is perceived to be a winning solution only for the employer. For this discussion, let us explore employee testing benefits.
The employer, who is dependent on the employee to produce results that keep the organization in business, is hugely impacted by losses incurred due to employee drug abuse. What resources does the employer have to tackle and resolve this issue? The answer: pre-employment drug screening and random drug testing of employees.
Here is a table highlighting how long the drugs indicated stay in your system. Keep in mind that this is only a guideline.
|Alcohol||Beer, Hooch, Wine Liquor,||1 hour, to 10-12 hours|
|Marijuana||Pot, Weed, Blunt, Bud, Grass, Herb, Reefer||2-5 Days|
Black Beauties, Crosses,
Stanazolol, Nandrolene, Roids,
|Oral 3 Weeks, Injected 3-6 Months|
|Barbiturates||Amytal, Nembutal, Barbs
|Benzodiazepines||Tranks, Valium, Librium, Rohypnol,, Xanax,Roofies,||Most 2-3 Days, Some 4-8 Days|
|Cocaine||Candy, Coke, Crack,, Rocks, Snow, Whitecoat, Flake||1-2 Days|
|Codeine||Robitussin A-C, Tylenol w/codeine,||1-2 Days|
|Ketamine||K, Kit Kat, Special K, Vitamin K||2-4 Days|
|LSD||Yellow Sunshine, Acid, Blotter, Microdot,||A few hours to 5 days|
|MDMA (Ecstasy)||1-5 days|