Understanding the American law on CBD
American law on CBD
Cannabidiol (CBD) products are now a popular choice for people all over America who want a natural and safe treatment that can help to improve their health. Research on CBD in recent decades has highlighted the compound’s enormous therapeutic potential, and those who have purchased tincture oils, vape juices, edibles, capsules and other CBD-infused products have been learning first-hand about the cannabinoid’s benefits.
But what about the legality of wholesale CBD products? Many are confused about what is legal and what isn’t in the world of CBD, and with the internet notorious for misinformation, it’s not always easy to find the facts. But in this article, we are going to bring you all the facts that you need to know about CBD.
CBD is legal – when it comes from hemp
There are two primary sources of CBD – the hemp plant and the cannabis plant. The former is technically a part of the cannabis family, but has a compound profile that distinguishes itself from general strains of marijuana. Importantly, the levels of the psychoactive THC are very, very low in hemp, while amounts of CBD are much greater. In terms of effects, this means that hemp produces a non-psychoactive experience, and does not have the long-term risks that society associates with cannabis and hallucinogens.
This explains why America has taken a more relaxed stance toward hemp in recent years. The CBD market first came onto the scene in 2014, after the farm bill was passed by the federal government under the Obama administration. This legislation permitted hemp products to be sold in the United States, providing that companies kept the levels of THC below 0.3%. Therefore, businesses were able to start developing CBD products, marketing them as dietary supplements.
While companies are not able to make medical claims about their products, users who research the benefits of CBD are finding that they can serve a variety of therapeutic purposes. For example, the analgesic effects of CBD are non-addictive, and a great substitute to painkillers for people who experience high levels of pain, but are fed up taking dangerous prescription drugs. CBD is also a novel antidepressant and anti-anxiety treatment, that works more quickly and provide longer lasting relief from these mental conditions than the likes of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) seem to.
However, the hemp-based CBD market remained a grey area industry up until 2018. Technically, CBD was still considered illegal under the Controlled Substances Act – what’s more, CBD comes under the most restrictive Schedule 1 bracket. This meant that although hemp products were legal, whether it was okay to sell hemp products rich in CBD, and specifically so customers could get the benefits of CBD, was up for debate. This was especially the case because the 2014 farm bill did not reference CBD, only noting – in regard to cannabinoids – that THC had to be restricted.
The 2018 farm bill passed under the Trump administration brought a further layer of legitimacy to the hemp-based CBD industry by clarifying that the government had no issues with CBD products.
CBD from cannabis
With the federal government still classing cannabis as illegal, CBD remains prohibited at national level when extracted from these plants. However, several states have taken it upon themselves to enact cannabis reform, either by the introduction of medical legislation or by completely legalizing the herb. In states like Colorado and California, this has led to the formation of dispensaries which sell a range of cannabis products. Many of these have high levels of THC, but you can also find strains that have greater cannabinoid balance. It’s possible that equal amounts of CBD and THC is more therapeutic than when one cannabinoid is dominant. Indeed, much has been made about the entourage effect, a synergy that happens when cannabinoids are taken together. Cannabis products with more than 0.3% THC are only legal in the state where they are purchased, and cannot be taken across state lines, even if cannabis is legal in both states.
Hopefully this article has cleared up the complexity of the CBD market, and the uncertainty that some users have when it comes to buying products. It is clear that cannabis reform is only going one way in the United States. The federal government beginning to embrace hemp and CBD vape oil wholesale products. And state governments are introducing liberal laws on cannabis, either to widen medical access or so that law-abiding adult citizens are able to freely enjoy the psychoactive substance.